Colonia del Sacramento is Uruguay‘s oldest town. Its historic centre, a World Cultural Heritage site, is one of the country‘s most attractive places.
„From the moment it was founded and for more than 100 years, Colonia became a permanent bone of contention between Portugal and Spain. Cheese making was begun in the 19th century by the Swiss immigrants who founded the settlement Nueva Helvecia. Italian immigrants brought with them recipes for parmesan, provolone and mozzarella. Today, Colonia is the main producer of cheese and dairy products, which the Uruguayan seat in larger quantities than anyother South Americans.
The area is also suited to viticulture. There are different soil types here including, forexample, pebbly alluvial soil with good drainage or, near Carmelo, very meagre weathered granitesoils. They are the best suited for producing high quality wines. Where the Uruguay and Paraná rivers flow into the Rio dela Plata, the water is particularly warm and brings a notable mild climate to the region where late grape varieties like Cabernet Sauvignon and Tannat ripen about two weeks earlier than in Canelones and Montevideo and produce good quality.„